About Prostate Cancer

What is prostate cancer?

What is ProstateProstate cancer develops when abnormal cells in the prostate, a small walnut-sized gland found only in men, grow uncontrollably and form a malignant tumour.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in Australian men, with one in five men diagnosed with the devastating disease by the age of 85.  In 2018 it is estimated 17,729 cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in Australia. Sadly more than 3,100 men die every year from the heartbreaking disease.

Thanks to research advancements, the five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate cancer is 95 per cent, meaning nearly all patients who present with localised prostate cancer will live beyond five years.

What are the most common symptoms?  

In the early stages of prostate cancer there may be no significant or obvious symptoms, which is why regular testing is so important. Some symptoms might include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Urgent and sudden need to urinate
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Pain when urinating
  • Weaker than normal stream
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain in lower back, upper thighs or hips

Whilst these symptoms may not necessarily mean you have prostate cancer, please visit your local doctor if you experience any of these signs.

Please read the recent prostate cancer research stories. 


Useful websites: 

National Cancer Institute (2014). Prostate cancer treatment (PDQ®) 

American Cancer Society (2015). Prostate cancer